Becoming a Marriage & Family Therapist: Job Description & Salary Info

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The median annual salary for marriage and family therapists is around $48,000. Is it worth the education and licensure requirements? See real job descriptions and get the truth about career prospects to find out if becoming a marriage and family therapist is right for you.
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The Pros and Cons of a Marriage and Family Therapist Career

As a marriage and family therapist, you'll work with people of various backgrounds in order to help them cope and work through emotional and mental disorders. Read on to learn more about the pros and cons of this profession.

Pros of a Marriage and Family Therapist Career
High-growth field (31% increase in jobs projected from 2012-2022)*
Often includes excellent job benefits (medical and life insurance, 401(k) and paid vacation)**
Flexible work schedule***
Opportunity to help people (with stress, divorce, guilt, substance abuse and other issues)****

Cons of a Marriage and Family Therapist Career
May deal with conflict situations***
Pressure to meet strict deadlines***
License is required*
Must complete continuing education classes on a yearly basis*

Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **Monster.com, ***iseek.org, ****California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists.

Essential Career Info

Job Duties

Marriage and family therapists provide family-focused treatment for couples, families and individuals coping with the challenges of mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia and depression. They listen to clients and teach them the skills needed to handle a variety of difficulties, including sexual abuse, substance abuse and crisis situations. They often work with family physicians, psychiatrists and social workers to determine the best course of treatment.

Work Environment

Marriage and family therapists work in a range of settings, including mental health centers, social service agencies, schools, prisons and employee assistance programs. You also might consider developing an individual or group practice.

Salary and Career Prospects

The median annual salary for marriage and family therapists as of 2014 was around $48,000, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The chances of landing a job are excellent, with the number of jobs projected to increase by 31% between 2012 and 2022.

What Are the Requirements?

You must hold state licensure to work as a therapist in this field. Requirements vary by state, but they typically include a minimum of a master's degree in marriage and family therapy, a specified amount of supervised work experience and passage of the national Examination in Marriage and Family Therapy. Some states have other requirements; for example, California specifies that candidates for licensure must have completed training in spousal abuse detection and intervention, child abuse assessment and chemical dependency.

Personal Skills

As a marriage and family therapist, you'll need to be a creative thinker, inductive reasoner and problem solver. Additionally, you'll have to be able to establish and maintain interpersonal relationships, give advice and resolve conflicts. You'll also need to be conscientious about documenting information.

What Employers Look For

The main qualifications needed to obtain employment as a marriage and family therapist are a license and a master's degree in marriage and family therapy or an associated field. Sometimes employers require experience in a specific area, such as substance abuse. The following are excerpts of actual job postings from April 2012:

  • A healthcare services organization in California was looking for a bilingual, licensed marriage and family therapist who spoke Spanish and English to provide mental health services to children and their families. The job posting specified that experience and a master's degree in child development, social services or a related field were required.
  • A federal agency in Indiana wanted to hire a licensed marriage and family therapist with United States citizenship and a master's or doctoral degree in marriage and family therapy to assess, counsel and provide treatment for military veterans and their families.
  • An insurance company in Idaho sought a licensed marriage and family therapist with two years of experience to counsel patients about mental health and substance abuse, as well as to determine whether or not their current treatment was effective.

How to Stand Out

Most marriage and family therapists enter the field with a master's degree; however, obtaining higher education might increase your chances of landing a position in the field. A graduate certificate in marriage and family therapy could give you an edge in the job market if you have a master's degree in a related area, such as psychology, sociology or counseling. A doctoral degree also could put you ahead of the competition, and some employers even require that advanced degree. A doctoral program typically provides training in advanced clinical practice, research, supervision and teaching.

Alternative Career Paths

Rehabilitation Counselor

If you're looking for a career in a helping profession, but you don't necessarily want to have to earn licensure, becoming a rehabilitation counselor is another option. Rehabilitation counselors help people with disabilities learn to cope with their situations. They assess their clients' abilities and interests and help them obtain vocational training and medical services.

Although some employers prefer to hire licensed counselors (and a license is needed if you want to work in private practice), many jobs are available for unlicensed individuals with a master's degree in rehabilitation counseling. The job outlook for rehabilitation counselors is very good; an increase in the number of elderly people over the next few years should create demand for this occupation. The BLS projected that jobs in this field could increase by 28% between 2010 and 2020. The median annual wage for a rehabilitation counselor as of 2011 was $34,000, which was less than that of a marriage and family therapist.

Social and Community Service Manager

Social and community service managers oversee all activities of social and human service organizations. They supervise staff, plan budgets, recommend improvements and plan fundraising events. The median annual salary of a social and community service manager as of 2011 was $59,000. This occupation was projected to see an increase of 27% from 2010-2020, offering very good job prospects.

Popular Schools

  • Online Programs Available
    1. Colorado Christian University

    Program Options

    Master's
      • Counseling, M.A.
      • Counseling, M.A. Online
    Bachelor's
      • Psychology, B.S. - Emphasis in Clinical Counseling
  • Online Programs Available
    2. Purdue University Global

    Program Options

    Master's
      • Master: Psychology/Applied Behavioral Analysis
      • Master: Psychology/Addictions
      • MS in Nursing
      • MS in Educational Psychology
    Bachelor's
      • BS in Psychology in Addictions
  • Online Programs Available
    3. Grand Canyon University

    Program Options

    Doctorate
      • Doctor of Philosophy in Counselor Education and Supervision
      • Ph.D. in General Psychology - Performance Psychology
      • EdD in Organizational Leadership - Health Care Administration
    Master's
      • M.S. in Mental Health and Wellness with an Emphasis in Family Dynamics
      • M.S. in Psychology with an Emphasis in Life Coaching
      • MS in Addiction Counseling
      • M.S. in Mental Health and Wellness with Emphasis in Grief and Bereavement
      • M.S. in Mental Health and Wellness with Emphasis in Prevention
      • Master in Christian Counseling
    Bachelor's
      • BS in Counseling - Addiction, Chemical Dependency, and Substance Abuse
      • BS in Health Care Administration
      • BS in Health Sciences: Professional Development & Advanced Patient Care
      • Bachelor of Science in Behavioral Health Science
  • Online Programs Available
    4. Saint Leo University

    Program Options

    Bachelor's
      • BA: Psychology - Clinical/Counseling
  • Online Programs Available
    5. Walden University

    Program Options

    Bachelor's
      • BS in Psychology - Clinical Mental Health (MS AIM Track)
      • BS in Psychology - Addictions
      • BS in Psychology - Forensic Psychology
  • Campus and Online Programs
    6. South College

    Program Options

    Bachelor's
      • Bachelor of Science in Health Science - Pre-Physical Therapy
      • Bachelor of Science in Health Science - Pre-Physician Assistant
      • Bachelor of Science in Health Science with a Concentration in Magnetic Resonance Imaging
      • BS Health Science (Post PTA)
      • BS Health Science
      • BS Health Science (Pre-Physical Therapy)
    Associate's
      • Associate of Science in Health Science
      • Associate of Science in Health Science - Pre-Nursing
      • Associate of Science in Health Science - Pre-Pharmacy
      • AS Health Science
      • AS Health Science (Pre-Pharmacy)
      • AS Health Science (Pre-Nursing)
    Certificate
      • CERT Computed Tomography
  • Online Programs Available
    7. Northcentral University

    Program Options

    Doctorate
      • PhD in Marriage & Family Therapy - Therapy with Military Families
      • PhD in Marriage & Family Therapy - General
      • DMFT - Child & Adolescent Therapy
      • DMFT - Couple Therapy
      • DMFT - General Family Therapy
      • PhD in Marriage & Family Therapy - Couple Therapy
    Master's
      • MAMFT - Child & Adolescent Family Therapy
      • MAMFT - LGBTQ Couple & Family Therapy
      • MAMFT - Military Family Therapy
      • Master of Arts in Psychology - Marriage and Family Therapy
      • M.A. in Marriage & Family Therapy
      • MS - Organizational Leadership: Health Care Administration
  • Online Programs Available
    8. Abilene Christian University

    Program Options

    Master's
      • Master of Marriage and Family Therapy
      • Master of Marriage and Family Therapy - Medical Family Therapy
      • Master of Marriage and Family Therapy - Child & Adolescent Therapy
      • Master of Marriage and Family Therapy - Therapy with Military Families
      • Master of Marriage and Family Therapy - Treatment of Trauma
      • MBA - Healthcare Administration
  • Campus Locations:
    9. CDI College

    Program Options

    Certificate
      • Diploma in Addictions Recovery for Youth and Families
      • Diploma in Addictions & Community Services Worker
      • Diploma in Assistance in Health Care Facilities - Assistance la Personne en tablissement de Sant
      • Diploma in Health Care Aide
      • Diploma in Health Care Assistant
      • Diploma in Health, Assistance & Nursing Sant, Assistance et Soins Infirmiers
  • Gainesville, FL

    University of Florida

Featured Schools

Colorado Christian University

  • Counseling, M.A.
  • Counseling, M.A. Online
  • Psychology, B.S. - Emphasis in Clinical Counseling

What is your highest level of education completed?

Purdue University Global

  • Master: Psychology/Applied Behavioral Analysis
  • Master: Psychology/Addictions
  • BS in Psychology in Addictions

Which subject are you interested in?

Grand Canyon University

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Counselor Education and Supervision
  • M.S. in Mental Health and Wellness with an Emphasis in Family Dynamics
  • BS in Counseling - Addiction, Chemical Dependency, and Substance Abuse

What is your highest level of education?

Saint Leo University

  • BA: Psychology - Clinical/Counseling

What is your highest level of education completed?

Walden University

  • BS in Psychology - Clinical Mental Health (MS AIM Track)
  • BS in Psychology - Addictions
  • BS in Psychology - Forensic Psychology

What is your highest level of education completed?

South College

  • Bachelor of Science in Health Science - Pre-Physical Therapy
  • Associate of Science in Health Science
  • CERT Computed Tomography

What is your highest level of education completed?

Northcentral University

  • PhD in Marriage & Family Therapy - Therapy with Military Families
  • PhD in Marriage & Family Therapy - General
  • MAMFT - Child & Adolescent Family Therapy
  • MAMFT - LGBTQ Couple & Family Therapy

What is your highest level of education?

Abilene Christian University

  • Master of Marriage and Family Therapy
  • Master of Marriage and Family Therapy - Medical Family Therapy
  • Master of Marriage and Family Therapy - Child & Adolescent Therapy

What is your highest level of education completed?